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Service for International Social and Health Relations

ULSS 20 Verona (Veneto region, Italy)

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HEalthy REturn: Health and Return of Illegal Residents
European Commission With the support of the European Commission

Good practices for basic requirements in the provision of health care to returnees (voluntary and forced), with a particolar focus on vulnerable groups prior to departure.

Background information

The importance of defining and establishing a common return policy as an integral part of a comprehensive Community Immigration and Asylum Policy has been widely accepted by Member States.

In this context RETURN is the European Union (EU) funding programme for preparatory actions in the area of return management.

It aims at improving the management of return of illegal migrants in all its dimensions, by supporting and further developing the cooperation among the Member States, as well as by encouraging cooperation with the countries of return.

Under the 2006 Call For Proposals, ULSS 20 Verona and its partners have been granted funding for the support of the project entitled HeRe


General objective

To increase the capabilities in the area of return management of Member States with a view to harmonizing approaches through enhancing cooperation among Member States.

Key considerations

  1. The Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals states that the purpose of common standards is not only to facilitate administrative cooperation among Member States but to provide for clear, transparent and fair common rules concerning return, removal, use of coercive measures, temporary custody and re-entry, which take into full account the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms of the persons concerned. (*)
  2. The Green Paper on a Community Return Policy on illegal residents when considering common standards on return among Member States proposes that basic requirements for the physical and mental capacity of the persons concerned, could be set. (**)
  3. The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Art. 12) recognizes the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.

(*) COM(2005) 391 final 2005/0167 (COD)
(**) COM(2002) 175 final